Friday, April 20, 2012

History of Kindergarten

April 20, 1782 – Birthday of Freidrich Frobel

“Children are like tiny flowers; they are varied and need care, but each is beautiful alone and glorious when seen in the community of peers.” Freidrich Frobel

Tomorrow is the birthday of Freidrich Frobel. So – Why is this important? Freidrich Frobel was a German educator who is credited with being the founder of Kindergarten. In 1817, Frobel started a play and activity institute for children to help them adjust from home life to the school setting. His formal instructional program did not develop until 1837. The materials and curriculum he used became known as ‘Froebel Gifts.’ Frobel believed that young children could learn and that learning should take place through play, singing and dance. He is known as the “Father of Kindergarten.” Frobel wrote a book based on his theories of the importance of play in the development of children. The book was burned and his theories criticized.

“Play is the highest expression of human development in childhood for it alone is the free expression of what is in a child’s soul.” Freidrich Frobel

Many of the first kindergartens were established for disadvantaged children and for children with special needs. Today, in the United States, all public schools offer some form of kindergarten. Kindergarten has become an integral part of the elementary school experience for all children. The length of day for kindergarteners varies from a full day to a half or partial day of instruction.

If you enjoyed this inspirational and informative KidsWithout Stuff story about education, you’ll want to read our other blog, Simple Parent Tips.